Frequent urination during pregnancy
What causes frequent urination during pregnancy?
Frequent urination during pregnancy is the consequence of physiological changes in the women’s body. Mostly due to the mechanical effects of growing uterus and elevated progesterone concentrations.
Among many changes in the female body during pregnancy, it is also the size and weight of their kidneys. Your kidneys are bigger during pregnancy, and the blood flow through them also increases by up to 35 to 60%. Because of the bigger size and extra blood flow, the kidneys produce up to 25% more urine during pregnancy.
So, the frequent urination during the first months of pregnancy is mainly the consequence of enlarged kidneys, along with increased levels of blood fluids and pregnancy hormones. But in the last trimester, you will visit the toilet more frequently because of the pressure on your bladder.
The infant’s body and growing uterus presses against the bladder and pelvis. Towards the end of pregnancy, the connective tissue in the pelvis starts loosening its strength, leaving the urethra no longer close completely. That is very useful during birth, but as a result, you may experience minor accidents during walking, coughing, or laughing.
While that is completely normal during pregnancy, and you shouldn’t worry about it, the problem could persist beyond childbirth as well. For preventing such problems, performing Kegel exercises for pelvic floor muscles after childbirth is advised.
How to reduce frequent urination during the pregnancy?
It is important that you maintain a healthy pregnancy diet and stay hydrated during pregnancy, so don’t restrict your fluids. The Institute of Medicine recommends that you should drink about 10 to 8-ounce cups of water or other beverages a day during pregnancy. As women’s needs differ, you shouldn’t worry if you need a bit more or less. You can tell if you are properly hydrated if your urine looks pale yellow or colorless.
To reduce frequent urination in pregnancy, you can avoid beverages that have a mild diuretic effect, such as coffee, tea, or some soft drinks. Also, drink a lot of fluids during the day, and less in the evening. That’s how you will at least reduce the number of toilet visits during the night.
Urinary Tract Infection During Pregnancy
Urinary tract infection is one of the most common diseases that occur in pregnancy. The most common is bladder inflammation, and the most dangerous is kidney inflammation.
1. What causes bladder infection while pregnant?
In pregnancy, pathophysiological changes can occur, causing complications and an increased risk of developing acute urinary tract infections. In addition, urine pH is also higher in pregnancy. These changes create conditions for the growth and spread of bacteria. Therefore, the risk of inflammation in pregnancy is higher.
Acute urinary tract infections are actually one of the most common diseases in pregnancy. Although the number of infections in pregnancy is not increased compared to the general population, any infection due to possible complications poses a risk of complications in the pregnant woman and the fetus.
The risk for urinary tract infection increases in the sixth week of pregnancy and peaks between weeks 22 and 24. Risk factors for developing urinary tract infections during pregnancy are lower socioeconomic status, diabetes, previous recurrent urinary tract infections, structural urinary tract abnormalities, and the presence of kidney stones. Acute urinary tract infections present a risk of preeclampsia, premature birth, and low birth weight.
2. How to prevent urinary tract infections during pregnancy?
A pregnant woman should drink a sufficient amount of fluids to avoid urinary tract infections during pregnancy. That should be mostly water! Pregnant women should also avoid carbonated drinks, coffee, and real tea.
Taking care of proper intimate care, wearing appropriate cotton underwear, and avoiding pools decrease the risk for urinary tract infections.
Pregnant women should also avoid perfumes, sprays, harsh soaps or body wash in the genital area.
3. What does a bladder infection feel like when pregnant?
In asymptomatic infection, the pregnant woman has no notable problems. It is diagnosed only at a regular gynecological examination. Therefore, regular gynecological examinations during pregnancy are very important.
Acute bladder infection in pregnancy feels like:
- burning and frequent urination
- painful urination
- pain in the lower abdomen
- pain above the pubic bone
- cloudy urine
4. What does a kidney infection feel like when pregnant?
Acute kidney infection in pregnancy feels like:
- lumbar pain
- fever, often above 38 degrees Celsius
- vomiting dehydration